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Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation
23 sep 2021
Главная // Activities / Inland waterway transport /

Inland waterway transport


The specifics of the year 2015’s navigation.

The navigation of the year 2015 took place in the conditions of abnormally shallow waters, in all of the areas, except for the Belomor-Onega’s, the levels were below the projected values. Due to the unfavorable to navigation hydrological conditions, the limitations on the vessels’ draught were introduced by the administrations of the inland waterway network, in 10 water areas, for the waterways with guaranteed dimensions.  Their length amounted 9251 km, to include: 360 km in the Volga-Baltic waterway, 504 km in the Dvina, 1182 km in the Moscow way, 413 in the Volga way, 260 km in the Azov-Don, 1001 km in the Enisey, 391 km in the Ob, 109 km in the Baikal-Angara, 3358 km in the Lena, 1473 km in the Amur waterway.

The most complicated hydrological conditions that significantly affected the work of the transport fleet and, consequently, maintaining the provision of the cargo transportation volumes, were recorded in the Volga, Azov-Don and Lena water areas.

In order to provide navigation in the stretches of the inland waterways, where the limitations on the draught were introduced, the administrations systematically measured the depths and dredged the navigation passages and, also, moved the bank and floating signs.


The maintenance of the inland waterway network and of the hydrotechnical structures.

The inland waterways and hydrotechnical structures are mostly maintained on the budget funds.

In accordance with the approved limits on the funds from the federal budget, on the provision of the safe navigation conditions, the administrations of the inland network of waterways (including the FSBI “The canal named after Moscow”) provided funds on the current maintenance of the inland waterways and hydrotechnical structures at the level of the year 2014.


The network of inland waterways.

The servicing of the network inland waterways and navigable hydrotechnic structures, in 2015, was conducted in accordance with the set categories of navigation equipment and their service life, with the guaranteed dimensions of the navigation passages, as well as in accordance with the service life of the hydrotechnical structures, approved by the ruling of Rosmorrechflot.

The network of inland waterways of the Russian Federation amounts 101,67 thousand km. in length.

During the navigation of the year 2015, the length of the inland waterways (IWW) with guaranteed dimensions of navigation passages, as compared to 2014, increased by 183 km. and amounted 49 014, 4 km.   The share of the IWW with illumination and light-reflecting equipment in operation, in 2015, amounted 36,7% of the total length of the IWW.  In order to ensure the safe navigation conditions in 2015, 20,9 mil. m3 of bottom soils was excavated in the transit, which amounted 97,2% as compared to the level of the previous year (21,5 mil m3 in 2014).


The level of safety

The indicators

2014 (factual)

2015 (factual)

The Dynamics


















741 navigable hydrotechnic structures exist on the inland waterways of the Russian Federation (106 of them are hydrotechnic complexes), the majority of them are concentrated in the European part of the country. The NHSs are operated by 9 administrations of the inland waterway areas and the FSBI “The canal named after Moscow”. They include 108 locks, 1 vessel-lifting facility.  11 hydroelectric power stations, 8 pumping stations, 115 levees, 93 dams, 11 emergency prevention gates, 31 drainage channels, 128 canals, 235 facilities of other kind.

332 NHSs are to be declared (330 have been declared, other will be declared according to the schedule in the years 2016-17).

According to the reports at the beginning of the year 2016, the number of the navigable hydrotechnical structures with an insufficient level of safety has reduced  by 0,7%, with the dangerous level - by 0,6%.


The vessels transit capacity.

During the navigation of 2015, the transit of vessels took place in accordance with the Ruling of Rosmorrwchflot “On the categories of navigation equipment and their life periods, on the guaranteed dimensions of the navigation passages, and on the life periods of the navigable hydrotechnic structures during the navigation of the years 2015-2017”.

In total, 220,8 thousands of lock operations were performed (255,3 thousands in 2014), which means over 338,2 thousand of single vessels passing through the locks (396, 0 thousand in 2014). It is lower than the indicators of 2014 by 13,5 and 14,6 %% respectively.

Over 2600 single vessels of technical fleet are on the balance sheets of the administrations of the inland waterways network and of the FSBI “The canal named after Moscow”. Every year, 70% of the fleet have their operation period prolonged. The average “age” of the vessels is 36 years. Since 2011, the renovation of the technical fleet’s vessels has been performed within the framework of the federal target program for “The development of the Russian Transport System (for the years 2010-2020)”, according to the subprogram “The inland water transport”. As a result of the program’s implementation, 59 vessels have been built by now and taken into operation, including 54 monitoring vessels of various configurations, 3 bunkering tankers and 2 ecology monitoring vessels. 6 vessels were taken into operation in 2015.


The transportation of cargoes and passengers.


The volume of cargo transportation on the inland water transport decreased in 2015 by 3,4 %, as compared to the year 2014, and amounted 120,6 mil. tons (124,8 mil tons in 2014). The cargo turnover amounts 63,6 bil. of ton-kilometers, which is by 14,4% lower than the level of 2014 (74,4 bil. tkm).

The volume of the cargo throughput in the ports in 2015 amounted 143, 6 mil tons, or 93,2%, as compared to the respective period of 2014 (154, 0 mil tons). The share of cargo freight in the export-import transportation amounted 6,3% of the total amount of the throughput.  The biggest relative share of the throughput in the river ports belongs to construction materials - 78%, and to the liquid bulk -  5,3%.

The passenger transportation in 2015 increased by 6,8 %, as compared to the previous year, and, by the end of the navigation period, it was 13,6 mil. people (12,7 mil in 2014). The passenger turnover of the river transport companies of Russia amounted 496,0 mil. of passenger-kilometers in 2015, which is by 6,1 % lower than the figure of the previous year (528,4 passenger-km in 2014).

The main cause of a drop in the volume of transportation was the shallow waters and the limitations, regarding the vessels draught, introduced throughout all the navigation period in the stretches of the Middle Volga and the Lower Don. A number of tourist lines were closed, on the routes to Moscow, St. Petersburg and the near-Volga towns.

Another factor that influenced the decrease in cargo transportation was the drop in the demand for construction materials.

The volume of cargo transportation to the regions of the Extreme North and to the regions, ranked equal to it, during the navigation period of 2015 amounted 17,0 mil tons of cargo, which is by 5,3 % lower than in 2014 (17,9 mil tons).

At the same time, the northern delivery of the vital products, according to the government contract, during the navigation 2015 was executed completely, in the size of 1,7 mil tons.

The OSC “The Arkhangelsk river port” carried out the socially important transportation of 864 225 passengers in the island parts of the Arkhangelsk region.

All 24 requests on towing maritime objects down the waterways of the Unified deep waters system of the European part of Russia were coordinated and executed. A floating seadock was transported from Kazakhstan, and large-sized equipment - from Kaluga.

Electronic navigational charts.

The work on compiling and updating electronic navigational charts (ENC) of the inland waterways of Russia (IWW) is currently conducted within the framework of the FTP “On the support, development and utilizing of the GLONASS system in the years 2012-2020” (the FTP GLONASS). In 2014, the government endowed Rosmorrechflot by the powers to compile and update the state navigational charts of the inland waterways, and also, to grant the rights to use them on the name of the RF.

In 2015-2016, within the framework of the FTP GLONASS, the scientific research is conducted, in the field of “Improving the technical and legislation base that regulates the use of the state navigational charts and navigational databases, in order to ensure the interests of the transport industry of the Russian Federation, regarding the navigation and information provision”.


Дата создания страницы: 2011-05-01
Дата последнего изменения: 2016-11-21