Industry progress in 2015
The industry progress as well as entire economy of the country was affected by unfavorable economic conditions in the past year. Determination of priority tasks and optimization of budgetary expenses became vital.
In general the industry showed sustainable development.
The turnover of seaports exceeded 676 million ton, which is 5.7% higher compared to 2014.
The volume of shipments via Northern Sea Route increased significantly.
Events aimed at development of seaports infrastructure in Murmansk, Sabetta, Kaliningrad, Bolshoi Port of St. Petersburg, Ust-Luga, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Vanino, Vostochniy, Novorossiysk, Taman and Temryuk.
Within the framework of the Federal Target Programs more than 23 million ton of transshipment facilities were commissioned: construction of the first stage of multipurpose transshipment complex “Bronka” was completed, the mooring transshipment complex in Murmansk was commissioned, moorages in Anadyr seaport were reconstructed.
The total capacity of seaports of the Russian Federation makes over 900 million ton.
Construction of Sabetta and MTSC “Bronka” seaports is continuing in 2016.
To multifunctional rescue and salvage vessels of ice rate with 7 MW capacity were commissioned in 2015. Construction of series of four multifunctional rescue and salvage vessels with 4 MW capacity was completed. Two diesel-electric icebreakers with 16 MW capacity were commissioned.
Implementation of measures in the field of navigation safety is continuing: construction of VTMS of Kandalaksha Gulf and regional system for navigation system in water area of Astrakhan and Olya seaports was completed, facilities in GDMMS in Arkhangelsk and Astrakhan seaports were reconstructed. Hydrographic research of Northern Sea Route is continuing.
Inland waterways navigation has been carried out for the second running year in conditions of low water content in all the basins, especially in the Volga and Azov-Don. As a result restrictions on vessels draft were implemented, and as a consequence cargo transportation has reduced to 120 million ton. Cargos within the northern shipment were delivered completely. Transportation of increased by 6.8% and made 13.6 million people.
Construction and reconstruction of navigational hydraulic structures continued in 2015. Construction of Kuzminskiy waterworks facility on the river Oka was completed, measures were implemented for the integrated reconstruction of the White Sea-Onega, Volga-Baltic, North Dvina, Moscow, Volga, Kama, Volga-Don, Azov-Don, Ob and Yenisei basins. This works will be continued in 2016 as well.
Implementation of measures aimed primarily at eliminating narrow spots in the Unified Deep Dwelling System of the European part of Russia is planned – design of Nizhny Novgorod low-head water power development is being developed, and design of Bagaevskiy low-head water power development as well.
The service fleet of inland waterway transport was supplemented with two environmental response and four buoy tender vessels in 2015. Nowadays as a result the federal target program “Development of Transport System of Russia (2010-2020)” implementation 59 vessels, including 54 buoy tender vessels of diverse designs were built and taken over, as well as 3 bunkering tankers and 2 environmental response vessel.
Works on development of electronic navigation maps of inland waterways is continuing. In order to ensure navigation safety, measures for port control in both seaports and inland waterways are carried out. Works aimed at implementation of the law “On transport security”, implementation of measures of Integrated Program for public safety on transport are continuing.
For the first time in the Altai krai in 2105 the project for switching freight traffic from road to inland waterway transport was implemented within principles of public and private partnership. It promoted 6 times increase of the cargo traffic on the Biya River up to 180 thousand ton at parity financing from the federal budget and the budget of the Altai krai and investor financing.
An important event for the industry was approval of the Strategy for development of inland waterway transport in the Russian Federation for the period till 2030 by the Government of the Russian Federation in February 2016.
Currently there are six vertically integrated education research and innovation complexes are functioning in the field education system. These complexes were created based on subordinate higher education institutions including 23 branches. Over 11.5 thousand specialists were trained for the branch in 2015.
An important measure for development of human resource potential is development and acceptance of professional standards. Professional standard “Navigator-engineer” developed initiatively and approved in 2015. 12 more for professional standards were developed. Currently these projects are being coordinated with ILA, ABVVP, associations and large employers. Professional standards project “Hydraulics engineer” was taken to the Russian Ministry of Labor for approval.
The main task for maritime and inland waterway transport in the near future is to keep a steady functioning and development of the current pace for modernization and volumetric indices of the branch achieved in the previous years.